In Kiswahili, “stroves” doesn’t directly translate to a single word, as it is a conjugated form of the verb “strive” in English. However, I can break down the grammar components of the verb “strive” in Kiswahili.
The verb “strive” can be translated to Kiswahili as “jitahidi.” Here’s a breakdown of its grammar components:
Subject Prefix: In Kiswahili verbs, the subject is indicated through a subject prefix attached to the verb stem. For “jitahidi,” the subject prefix can change depending on the subject pronoun being used. For example:
- I strive: “Ninajitahidi”
- You strive: “Unajitahidi”
- He/She strives: “Anajitahidi”
- We strive: “Tunajitahidi”
- You (plural) strive: “Mnajitahidi”
- They strive: “Wanajitahidi”
Verb Stem: The verb stem remains consistent for each subject and carries the core meaning of the verb. In this case, the verb stem is “jitahidi.”
Tense and Aspect: Kiswahili verbs often indicate tense and aspect through the verb prefixes. In the examples above, the prefix “na-” indicates the present tense, while “ta-” indicates the future tense. Different prefixes are used for past tense and other aspects.
Object Prefix (if applicable): If there’s a direct object involved, an object prefix may be added before the verb stem. This depends on the noun class of the object. For example:
- I strive (effort) to learn: “Ninajitahidi kujifunza”
- I strive (effort) to succeed: “Ninajitahidi kufanikiwa”
Infinitive Form: The infinitive form of “strive” in Kiswahili is “jitahidi.” It is used without any prefixes or suffixes and often serves as the base form of the verb.
Keep in mind that Kiswahili is a complex language with multiple verb tenses, aspects, and noun classes. The examples provided here are simplified for clarity.